In 1531, the monks down in their cellars in the Benedictine Abbey of Saint-Hilaire, near Limoux, created an unusual white wine, which naturally produced a secondary fermentation in its glass bottle sealed with a cork. Limoux had produced the first sparkling wine in the world. The Limoux AOC
produces still and sparkling wines, of which the best known is probably Blanquette de Limoux.
Demarcated in 1929, the Limoux production area was the first to give birth to an AOC in the Languedoc region with Blanquette de Limoux and Blanquette Méthode Ancestrale (decrees of 18 February 1938) and was one of the first appellations in France. The production of still white wine was in turn recognised by a decree of 21 February 1959, amended 29 July, 1993 in terms of its varietals (Mauzac 15% minimum, Chardonnay and Chenin) and vinification which must be carried out in oak barrels. A decree of 21 August 1990 added a new appellation, Crémant de Limoux. Finally, more recently, the Limoux red appellation was recognised by a decree of 23 June 2004.
The Limoux vineyards cover an area of 7,800 hectares, of which 2,000 are AOC in 41 communes grouped into 4 non-hierarchical terroirs, simply identified through their climatology: the Autan terroir, the Mediterranean terroir, the oceanic terroir and the Upper Valley terroir.
More informations on the website of the wines of Limoux