Côtes du Roussillon
stretches from the Corbières massif to the Pyrenees, covering more than 5,600 hectares (13,838 acres) in 118 villages of the Pyrenees-Orientales department. Among these, 32 villages may carry the appellation Côtes du Roussillon Villages, which applies only to red wines. Four particularly renowned lieux-dits (vineyard sites) carry their own sub-appellations: Côtes du Roussillon Villages Caramany, Côtes du Roussillon Villages Lesquerde, Côtes du Roussillon Villages Tautavel, and finally Côtes du Roussillon Villages Latour de France, which covers the villages of Latour de France, Cassagnes, Montner, Estagel, and Planèzes.
The vineyards of Côtes du Roussillon and Côtes du Roussillon Villages sit on highly varied soils and subsoils (limestone, clay-limestone, schist, gneiss, granite, alluvial terraces, etc.) in five major zones: the Agly Valley in the north, Têt Valley in the center, Tech Valley in the south, and Plain of Salanque along the coast of the Mediterranean in the south.
The appellation produces about 175,000 hectoliters of wine each year, divided into 30% red wine, 65% rosé, and 4% white, all of which are made from traditional Roussillon varieties (Grenache Noir, Grenache Blanc, Carignan, Lladoner Pelut, Cinsault, Macabeu, and Malvoisie du Roussillon) and aromatic grapes that have been planted more recently (Syrah, Mourvèdre, Roussanne, Marsanne, and Vermentino). The red wines are fleshy, fruity, and spicy; the rosés are marked by floral tones and fresh aromas of red berries; the whites are delicate, with notes of citrus, white fruit, and flowers. Some of the best representatives of the regional appellation are found at Domaine Sarda-Malet, while the top village wines come from such estates as Domaine du Clos des Fées, Mas Karolina, Mas Amiel, Domaine Gardiès, and Maison M. Chapoutier.
More informations on the website of the wines of Côtes du Roussillon