, a famous red Bordeaux, takes its name from a port town on the Gironde estuary. The vineyards are perched on a magnificent hill where they enjoy sandy white gravel soils with good natural drainage that sit on a bedrock of marl with varying levels of limestone. The soil is so poor that nothing can grow here—except vines, which survive by sending their roots deep into the ground in search of the nutrients that make wine great. The appellation covers about 1,200 hectares (2,965 acres) that produce almost 55,000 hectoliters of wine annually.
The wines of Pauillac are rich, dense, profound, and sappy. These are distinguished wines with great finesse and a very delicate bouquet. They are taut, with an aromatic palette of black cherry, licorice root, cassis liqueur, morello cherry, rose, iris, cedar, smoke, and incense. Their tannins are tight but not harsh. Most Pauillacs are very full-bodied and can only be fully appreciated after long aging. The main grape variety here, Cabernet Sauvignon, is blended with Merlot and, to a lesser extent, with Petit Verdot and Malbec.
The appellation of Pauillac was established on November 14th, 1936, but the terroir has enjoyed international renown since long before that, thanks mainly to its three Premiers Grands Crus Classés: Château Lafite-Rothschild, Château Latour, and Château Mouton-Rothschild. The 18 grand crus here (as defined by the 1855 ranking) account for 85% of the appellation's production and include such venerable wines as Château Pontet-Canet, Château Grand-Puy-Lacoste, and Château Lynch-Bages.
More informations on the website of the wines of Pauillac