Established in September, 1987, the Bordeaux appellation of Pessac-Léognan
sits on the ancient “Gravels of Bordeaux” and was undoubtedly the starting point of viticulture in the region, 2000 years ago. Indeed, under the Roman Empire man already understood that this area, which now encompasses all of the Crus Classés of the Graves region, is particularly well suited to winegrowing. The appellation currently covers 1,600 hectares (3,954 acres) of vineyards and produces almost 70,000 hectoliters of wine annually. Of the appellation's renowned wines, Château Haut-Brion is the only Premier Cru Classé (as ranked in 1855) that is not grown in the Médoc. But other properties are no less remarkable: Château Smith Haut Lafitte, Château Pape Clément, Domaine de Chevalier, Château Larrivet-Haut-Brion, and Château Haut-Bailly.
The vineyards of Pessac-Léognan are composed of an unusually deep layer of gravel and graves (pebbles smoothed by water) on a substratum of sand, alios, and clay in varying proportions. The vines occupy vast clearings surrounded by pine trees that protect them from the humid west winds. The red wines of Pessac-Léognan are made primarily from a blend of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot. They are cherry red with black tinges, and on the nose they offer notes of violet and very ripe red fruit supported by smoky tones of toasted almonds and resin. These are rich, elegant, noble wines with solid structure. They may be appreciated when young but also have excellent aging potential. The dry white wines generally show a pale straw yellow color that often comes from their élevage in oak barriques (barrels of 225 liters). Sauvignon Blanc, which is the dominant component of the blend, gives fresh, fruity aromas that mingle with the fleshiness of Sémillon and its distinctive fruit confit bouquet. These are complex, full-bodied, round wines.
More informations on the website of the wines of Pessac-Léognan