The first traces of vines in Burgundy bring us back to the Antiquity, way before the roman invasion of Gaul. Following the example of the Rhone Valley, the vineyard of Burgundy has benefited from its location, a trade hub, to develop itself. Due to the protectionism of the Romans, the viticultural region was not developed in the first instance. However, the vine growing areas were already relatively important after the fall of the Empire. As often, the abbeys took charge of the viticulture during the Middle Age, progressively replaced by nobles and rich owners, especially during the 18th century. This movement will increase in Burgundy during the Revolution and the confiscation of all Clergy properties.
The wines of Burgundy have gained their reputation thanks to the early interest of the Dukes of Burgundy and the regulations imposing quality restrictions to the producers. In the mid-19th century, its reputation undergoes a revival. In 1851, the first Hospice de Beaune auctions are organised and in 1861, the wines of Cote-d'or are classified for the first time. These are proper examples of the revival. In 1936, Morey-Saint-Denis is granted the first AOC of Burgundy. With around 29,500 hectares of AOC vineyard in production, the vineyard of Burgundy spreads on around 250km and 5 main regions : Chablis in the North, the Cote de Nuits (around Nuits-Saint-Georges), the Cote de Beaune (around Beaune), the Cote Chalonnaise (West of Chalon sur Saone) and the Maconnais (West of Macon in the South)
Despite their differences, the wines of Burgundy are noticeable thanks to their varietals: Pinot Noir and Gamay for the reds, Chardonnay and a little bit of Aligoté for the whites. The fragmentation of the vineyard into small plots explains the heterogeneity of the production. The adequacy of the varietals and the geographical conditions (climate, soils and topography) decisively contribute to the complexity and richness of the wines of Burgundy.