is a DOCG (Italy's highest appellation) in Tuscany, a large region in central Italy that borders the Tyrrhenian Sea. Though the appellation was only established in 1984, the intricacies of the terroir here were recognized long before. Chianti may be produced in the provinces of Florence, Siena, Arezzo, Pistoia, Pisa, and Prato, and wines produced in certain subzones of the appellation may carry one of the local designations: Colli Aretini, Colli Fiorentini, Colli Senesi, Colline Pisane, Montalbano, or Rùfina.
Chianti is a red wine made from a blend that is dominated by Sangiovese and may also include Mammolo, Canaiolo, Trebbiano, and many other varieties. The region has a unique landscape with green hills covered with large swaths of vines and olive trees. It is an excellent terroir for winegrowing, and local producers have mastered the art of drawing out the full complexity of the climate and the intricate hills of Tuscany.
The wines of Chianti were traditionally sold in their famous straw-covered flasks. Bordeaux bottles are used for Chianti Riserva, a superior appellation level for wines that age for three years in oak barrels, among other requirements. In 1996 the Chianti Classico sub-appellation was established, with more strict production regulations that, among other things, forbid the use of white grapes. Some of the best examples of Chianti Classico come from Domaine Malenchini and Domaine Antinori.