The wines of Chaume are sweet white wines from the Loire Valley. A high-quality wine producing area, the Chaume appellation enjoyed a brief existence from 2003 to 2009, but was the subject of successive legal battles. Chaume had been a village name within the Coteaux du Layon appellation since 1950. The Chaume appellation, with the wording "Premier Cru", was obtained for the first time in 2003. The Chaume Premier Cru des Coteaux du Layon
appellation therefore existed for the 2002, 2003 and 2004 vintage wines. A ruling of the Council of State on 27 July 2005 annulled this recognition on the grounds that the wording "Premier Cru" gave an impression that the wine was superior to the neighbouring wines. It was replaced by the Chaume appellation by decree of 21 February 2007. However, on 30 March, 2009 the Council of State annulled the AOC again, accusing it of weakening the reputation of the Quarts-de-Chaume AOC. Since the 2009 vintage, the wines have been produced under the Coteaux-du-Layon Chaume
appellation once more.
This wine producing area, formerly classified as an AOC, covers an area of 70 hectares in the commune of Rochefort-sur-Loire and has an annual production of no more than 1,100 hectolitres. The wine is made exclusively from Chenin grapes affected by noble rot. The grapes are harvested by hand when overripe; with successive sortings. The wine displays a deep yellow to golden colour. The wine of Chaume can keep for ten years or more depending on the vintage. The wines produced by Château de la Roulerie are some of the best in the appellation.