The Fiefs Vendéens
date from the 9th century. Later, Richelieu donated vineyards from his Bishopric of Luzon to the poor, which gave a boost to wine production in the Vendée region, which unfortunately suffered due to its isolated location. The Revolution and the Vendée wars reinforced this isolation, but the vineyards survived, producing wine for local consumption.
Spread over 480 hectares, the Fiefs Vendéens AOC (“Vins Délimités de Qualité Supérieure”), recognized by decree of 24 October 1984, is divided into 4 appellations: Vins de Mareuil (320 hectares), Vins de Brem (110 hectares), ns Vins de Vix (30 hectares), Vins de Pissotte (20 hectares). The soils consist mainly of schist, gneiss and limestone covered with aeolian sand or quartz. The climate is oceanic and enjoys an exceptional amount of sunshine comparable to some areas of the South of France. The area produces about 23,000 hectolitres per year.
The dominant grape varieties in the Mareuil wines are Gamay, Cabernet or Pinot Noir, as well as Négrette, producing easy-to-drink wines with a fruity nose. The Chenin and Chardonnay are blended to create rich, well-structured whites. The Brem wines are from the low vines of the Chenin and Grolleau Gris grape varieties and are characteristically clean and fresh. The Pinot Noir, Gamay and Cabernet Franc varieties come together nicely to create light rosés and red wines that are sometimes very firm. The Vix and Pissote wines, produced in smaller quantities, derive their assorted aromas from the same grape varieties as the other regions with the addition of Sauvignon (Vix) and Melon (Pissotte). The white wines are fresh and light, the rosés have a very typical character, and the structure of the reds depends on the grapes that go into their blend. The wines produced by Domaine Saint Nicolas are particularly worth looking at.
More informations on the website of the wines of Fiefs Vendéens