The wines of the Languedoc
started to develop with the Greeks in the 6th century BC. Like most of the French vineyards, the Romans structured the land and brought with them irrefutable technical knowledge. The construction of the Canal du Midi in the 17th century and the building of the railroads in the 19th century enabled the Languedoc
to significantly increase its wine production, but this was unfortunately to the detriment of quality. In 1907, the Languedoc wine growers revolted as many of them had been ruined by overproduction, foreign competition and adulterated wine production. Since the mid-1970’s, the entire industry has been restructuring to ensure that the quality of the Languedoc wines
is more consistent and to enhance the image of the terroirs, improved by the big appellations and famous domaines.
The wine producing area for the wines of the Languedoc extends mainly over the départements of the Aude, Gard, Hérault and Pyrénées-Orientales, covering a large area from the southwest of Nimes to the south of Narbonne, and running over the foothills of the Massif Central. Obviously, due to the size of the Languedoc wine region, there is a wide variety of terroirs, some enjoying the clement climate of the Mediterranean coastline, some subjected to the harsher mountain climate. The diversity of the Languedoc wines is reflected in the large number of appellations, the most notable are which being Faugères, Saint-Chinian, Corbières, Minervois and Coteaux du Languedoc.
The grapes grown in the Languedoc vineyards are just as diverse. Alongside the most well-known varieties such as the Syrah, Grenache, Mourvèdre and Cinsault, there are varieties which are lesser known, but of equal quality, such as the Cot, Malbec, Chenin and Rolle, the latter being perfectly suited to the region’s climate.