The Roussillon is an amphitheater dominated by highlands difficult to cross, that divides the neighboring regions. The vertiginous slopes of the Corbières' limestone barrier are located in the North, the circus of the Roussillon is dominated by the Massif du Canigou (West), in the South, the Massif des Albères et the Roc de France create the border with Spain.
The climate of the Roussillon is defined by a dry summer season and a raining period in Autumn and in the early-Spring. This Mediterranean climate, influenced by the mountains close by, helps the ripening of the grape. Geographically speaking, the Roussillon is a tormented area which had undergone profound upheavals during the tertiary and quaternary eras. The direct consequency of these upheavals, the diversity of soils and subsoils of the Roussillon allows fascinating geological walks, each of the four main terroirs being itself divided into a multitude of areas with distinctive characteristics, sometimes recognized as a specific AOC.
The main varietals of the wines from the Roussillon are the Carignan, the Grenache, the Lladoner Pelut, the Mourvèdre and the Syrah for the red wines, especially for the local AOC like Côtes du Roussillon Villages. The whites are usually made with Grenache Blanc, Macabeu; Malvoisie, Muscat, Marsanne, Roussanne and Vermentino. The Roussillon offers famous Vins Doux Naturels : Rivesaltes, Banyuls and Maury.