The regional appellation Beaujolais
was established in 1937. It covers about 8,900 hectares (21,992 acres) of vineyards straddling two distinct geographic areas: the southern part of Beaujolais, around the town of Le Bois d'Oingt, and a ribbon of land that stretches along the banks of the Saône from Villefranche north to La Chapelle de Guinchay. Beaujolais may be grown in 72 communes.
The southern part of Beaujolais has Mesozoic clay-limestone soils. Farther to the north the soils are made up of Tertiary and Quaternary alluvium. The only grape variety used here is Gamay Noir à Jus Blanc.
Beaujolais Nouveau is an early-release wine that may be sold immediately after vinification is completed. Released worldwide on the third Thursday of November, it is not built for long aging and should generally be consumed within six months or so.
Aside from Nouveau, Beaujolais wines begin to reveal their fresh, fruity character in the spring after the harvest. The region's most reliable sources of high-quality wine include Domaine des Terres Dorées, Domaine du Vissoux, Maison Coquard, and the indispensable Château des Jacques.
Finally, Beaujolais-Villages is a regional appellation first recognized in 1950. (Incidentally, it was the first appellation in France to use the designation “Villages.”) It covers about 6,200 hectares (15,321 acres) of vineyards in 38 communes chosen for their distinctive terroirs.
More informations on the website of the wines of Beaujolais