Five communes around the town of Margaux
compose this appellation, whose production is primarily grands crus classés (as ranked in 1855), crus bourgeois, and crus artisans. The excellence of the wines grown here can be attributed to the soil, a superb plateau of gravelly alluvium on a layer of limestone or clay-silt; the climate, which is mitigated by the proximity of the vast estuary of the Gironde; and excellent natural drainage. These conditions are very favorable to vines and help the grapes attain optimal ripeness. The vineyards of Margaux cover about 1,500 hectares (3,707 acres) and give a limited annual production of about 63,000 hectoliters of wine.
The wines of Margaux are unusually generous, with exceptional finesse and suave, delicate, complex bouquets that harmoniously blend aromas of fruit (raspberry, cherry, red currant…), flowers (spicy rose, hyacinth…), and spices, with subtle toasty aromas. Cabernet Sauvignon, which is the dominant grape in Margaux, asserts an underlying force and amplitude that translate into excellent aromatic persistence without harshness or arrogance. It is blended with Merlot and, rarely and in small doses, Malbec and Petit Verdot. These wines have excellent aging potential.
The caliber of the terroir here was officially acknowledged on August 10th, 1954, with the establishment of the Margaux appellation, though the wines were famous long before that thanks to excellent grand crus such as Château Margaux, Château Cantenac-Brown, Château Brane-Cantenac, Château Lascombes, Château Rauzan-Ségla, Château Palmer, Château Prieuré-Lichine, and others.
More informations on the website of the wines of Margaux