Winegrowing was established in Gigondas
in the 12th century by religious orders. Accorded an appellation in 1971, it is one of six village appellations of the southern Côtes-du-Rhône. The 1,200 hectares (2,965 acres) of vineyards are entirely within the commune of Gigondas (in the Vaucluse department), whose magnificent village sits at the foot of the Dentelles de Montmirail mountains, overlooking the Ouvèze Valley to the west.
Gigondas enjoys a strict Mediterranean climate with temperatures that vary with altitude. The Mistral, the notoriously brutal wind that ravages the vines here, keeps the vineyards dry and clean; rain is heavily seasonal; and summers are very hot. The vines sit on rocky terraces, sandy soils over molasse, and, on the slopes of the Dentelles de Montmirail, limestone colluvium over marl. The terroir is magnificently expressed in the wines of Domaine des Pallières, Maison M. Chapoutier, Domaine des Bosquets, Domaine Tardieu Laurent, Maison Perrin et Fils, and E. Guigal.
Gigondas is made from up to 80% Grenache Noir and at least 15% Syrah and/or Mourvèdre, with a small portion of other varieties allowed; yields in the vineyards are limited to 34 hectoliters per hectare. The red wines produced here are deeply colored, harmonious, and structured; the heady, generous rosés are relatively dark in color and feature aromas of almonds and cooked fruit.
More informations on the website of the wines of Gigondas